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ADVERTENCIA: Los artículos referidos a interpretación bíblica, son descriptos desde la perspectiva cristiana, no es intención ofender a personas con creencias diferentes, por lo tanto se requiere la discreción del lector.WARNING:articles regarding biblical interpretation are written from a christian perspective, with no offence intended toward people with different beliefs, so viewer discretion is advised.


Saturday, August 20, 2016

How the bible describe the Hebrews

(warning, this is writing as an informative article, if anyone is not interested in this topic, just ignore it, not purpose of unecesary polemics)


How the bible describe the Hebrews:

The bible defines Adam like a black person, the same as the Hebrews.
The word ‘Adam’ means what most people would call ‘black’ these days.
Also the bible clearly demonstrates David was black, in both Spanish and English ancient known bible versions.
The word Adam comes from the word Blood in Hebrew (dawm/dom/dam) relates to many things known as being dark colored today.
Many people states that Songs 1:5 talks about Solomon, but if you check with the Spanish version Casiodoro Reina 1569 you can clearly tell Queen of Sheba is the one talking. Sadly the English language doesn’t define gender for adjectives, but if you read Song of Solomon in Spanish, the gender is clearly defined for each verse, sometimes Queen of Sheba is speaking, and others Solomon is the one who does.
But if you read Songs 5:11 you can clearly see Solomon having all the features from a Black Person.

You can check all of these using the Strong biblical dictionary, but first I will start saying that Strong’s biblical dictionary is a great tool, known by many people, but of course, it does have its problems, which makes some things not easy to figure out. Not only the difference in pronunciation markings, but comes with the difficulty of having many similar entries for a word that is virtually the same. I won’t judge now the intention of the author. I‘ll just only remark such fact in order to make clear why some word meanings has been unknown for many people.

The first word for understanding this, is the most important, and is connected with the rest.

The word BLOOD:

H1818

דָּם
dâm
dawm
From H1826 (compare H119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood): - blood (-y, -guiltiness, [-thirsty]), + innocent.

Lets see how the blood looks like, because the word blood is the base meaning of the color red in the bible:


You will realize how many words in the bible are related to blood and its color. All related to the same meaning.

The word Adam in Strong’s dictionary appears in several separated topics, but of course shares the basic meaning, the exact same word in some cases.
It’s a word that can be easily related to the things it is used to describe. By this, I mean, all the things for which the word Adam is used, shares the same color.
Adam means Red. And sometimes in the bible, when the word Adam appears describing something, a similar word to red’ is used.

When you look the meaning of Adam in the Strong Dictionary, the first time it appears is at Genesis 2:19
H121
אָדָם
'âdâm
aw-dawm'
The same as H120; Adam, the name of the first man, also of a place in Palestine: - Adam.

The same as H120, let see that word:

H120
אָדָם
'âdâm
aw-dawm'
From H119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.): - X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person.

The first thing you realize here is, Adam not only is the name of the first man, but a way to call mankind in general, as we would use the word human today.
The word ruddy actually describes the color of the blood.
The word Adam would be translated in several ways that would be complicatedly precise:
‘The red one’, ´the one colored like blood´, ‘the one made of earth’

All the times in first part of Genesis when the word ‘man’ is used, the word Adam is used.
Again, notice how the dictionary indicates that word is derived from H119, let’s see that word.

H119
אָדַם
'âdam
aw-dam'
To show blood (in the face), that is, flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed, made) red (ruddy).

Now you can realize that Adam not only means the first man, and any man, also means something described as :
showing blood in the face’, ‘turn rosy’  and  be made red’

From all the previous 3 definitions, when you analyze the parentheses notes, the most absurdly confusing is the third. Why just not say the word means being red’?

Just look some examples of that word on the bible:
Exo_35:23  And everyH3605 man,H376 withH854 whomH834 was foundH4672 blue,H8504 and purple,H713 and scarlet,H8438 H8144 and fine linen,H8336 and goats'H5795 hair, and redH119 skinsH5785 of rams,H352 and badgers'H8476 skins,H5785 broughtH935 them.

Pro_23:31  LookH7200 notH408 thou upon the wineH3196 whenH3588 it is red,H119 whenH3588 it givethH5414 his colourH5869 in the cup,H3563 when it moveth itselfH1980 aright.H4339
Isa_1:18  ComeH1980 now,H4994 and let us reason together,H3198 saithH559 the LORD:H3068 thoughH518 your sinsH2399 beH1961 as scarlet,H8144 they shall be as whiteH3835 as snow;H7950 thoughH518 they be redH119 like crimson,H8438 they shall beH1961 as wool.H6785

Lam_4:7  Her NazaritesH5139 were purerH2141 than snow,H4480 H7950 they were whiterH6705 than milk,H4480 H2461 they were more ruddyH119 in bodyH6106 than rubies,H4480 H6443 their polishingH1508 was of sapphire:H5601

Nah_2:3  The shieldH4043 of his mighty menH1368 is made red,H119 the valiantH2428 menH376 are in scarlet:H8529 the chariotsH7393 shall be with flamingH784 torchesH6393 in the dayH3117 of his preparation,H3559 and the fir treesH1265 shall be terribly shaken.H7477

But the key to understand what the word Adam means, are these 2 key verses:

Pro_23:31  LookH7200 notH408 thou upon the wineH3196 whenH3588 it is red,H119 whenH3588 it givethH5414 his colourH5869 in the cup,H3563 when it moveth itselfH1980 aright.H4339

Isa_1:18  ComeH1980 now,H4994 and let us reason together,H3198 saithH559 the LORD:H3068 thoughH518 your sinsH2399 beH1961 as scarlet,H8144 they shall be as whiteH3835 as snow;H7950 thoughH518 they be redH119 like crimson,H8438 they shall beH1961 as wool.H6785

When you think about ruddy do you think about the color of red wine?
or the color of something opposed to white because of being dark?
Let see what color Red is when you talk about Red wine:

and what about a skin of an animal that is made red?


But let see the next words on the list, but first you need to know, it is not clearly known which vowels are used in the Hebrew language, because at certain point in history no one spoke Hebrew as main language, and different people used different ways of pronunciation. And by the time bible was translated, it was transliterated based on other middle-east language pronunciation style. Also is an important thing to mention, punctuation notation for vowels is a relatively modern invention in hebrew, and didn’t existed in ancient Hebrew.
You will notice how the next words are similar, but actualy they are virtualy all the same:

H119  אדם     'âdam  aw-dam'
H120  אדם     'âdâm  aw-dawm'
H121  אָדָם     'âdâm   aw-dawm'
H122  אדם     'âdôm  aw-dome'
H123  אדם'     ĕdôm
אדום     'ĕdôm, ed-ome',  ed-ome'
H124   אֹדֶם    'ôdem   o'-dem
H127  אֲדָמָה   'ădâmâh ,  ad-aw-maw'
H125  אֲדַמְדָּם  'ădamdâm  ,  ad-am-dawm'
H126   אַדְמָה  'admâh,      ad-maw'
H128   אֲדָמָה  'ădâmâh,  ad-aw-maw'

Now let’s see those in detail:


H121
אָדָם
'âdâm
aw-dawm'
The same as H120; Adam, the name of the first man, also of a place in Palestine: - Adam.

Nothing new, but look the next one:

H122
אָדֹם
'âdôm
aw-dome'
From H119; rosy: - red, ruddy.

let’s see some verses were that word appears:

Gen_25:30  And EsauH6215 saidH559 toH413 Jacob,H3290 FeedH3938 me, I pray thee,H4994 withH4480 that sameH2088 redH122 pottage; forH3588 IH595 am faint:H5889 thereforeH5921 H3651 was his nameH8034 calledH7121 Edom.H123

Isa_63:2  WhereforeH4069 art thou redH122 in thine apparel,H3830 and thy garmentsH899 like him that treadethH1869 in the winefat?H1660

Son_5:10  My belovedH1730 is whiteH6703 and ruddy,H122 the chiefestH1713 among ten thousand.H4480 H7233

Isa_63:2  WhereforeH4069 art thou redH122 in thine apparel,H3830 and thy garmentsH899 like him that treadethH1869 in the winefat?H1660

Zec_1:8  I sawH7200 by night,H3915 and beholdH2009 a manH376 ridingH7392 uponH5921 a redH122 horse,H5483 and heH1931 stoodH5975 amongH996 the myrtle treesH1918 thatH834 were in the bottom;H4699 and behindH310 him were there redH122 horses,H5483 speckled,H8320 and white.H3836

Did you noticed something funny? why all the verses the word ‘RED’ is used, but when talking about Solomon the word ‘RUDDY’ is used? Ruddy means just ‘reddish’, but actualy if you want to know what is talking about, you need to think about what color is the color of BLOOD.
means being red. Ruddy is the same as Reddy. Even in some modern dictionaries you get that definition.
By now, more than one definition implying that ADAM means RED, and that Red is the same red for horses, and for wine, and for Solomon.  Also you can clearly notice that making a different dictionary entry was unnecessary, because in Isa 63:2 clearly implies the color is the same as wine.
But, let’s look a horse that is red like wine:



Let’s look a pottage that is red like wine and like a horse
(notice that food is called just ‘red’)


Lets look the next results:

H123

אֱדוֹם    אֱדֹם
'ĕdôm    'ĕdôm
ed-ome', ed-ome'
From H122; red (see Gen_25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him: - Edom, Edomites, Idumea.

Is just the same word as 122. ‘RED’.
Edomites means the people who live in the place called RED.also the sons of the one called RED.

H124

אֹדֶם
'ôdem
o'-dem
From H119; redness, that is, the ruby, garnet, or some other red gem: - sardius.

In the previous word again you see, the same word again. A gem that is red.
Lets look how a garnet looks, or a ruby.



H125

אֲדַמְדָּם
'ădamdâm
ad-am-dawm'
Reduplicated from H119; reddish: - (somewhat) reddish.

Let´s look some verses of that word:

Lev_13:24  OrH176 ifH3588 there beH1961 any flesh,H1320 in the skinH5785 whereof there is a hotH784 burning,H4348 and the quickH4241 flesh that burnethH4348 haveH1961 a whiteH3836 bright spot,H934 somewhat reddish,H125 orH176 white;H3836

Lev_13:43  Then the priestH3548 shall look uponH7200 it: and, behold,H2009 if the risingH7613 of the soreH5061 be whiteH3836 reddishH125 in his bald head,H7146 orH176 in his bald forehead,H1372 as the leprosyH6883 appearethH4758 in the skinH5785 of the flesh;H1320

Lev_14:37  And he shall look onH7200 (H853) the plague,H5061 and, behold,H2009 if the plagueH5061 be in the wallsH7023 of the houseH1004 with hollow strakes,H8258 greenishH3422 orH176 reddish,H125 which in sightH4758 are lowerH8217 thanH4480 the wall;H7023

Reading the previous you can realize, when the bible talks about a color that is light red, it uses this:
a whiteH3836 bright spot,H934 somewhat reddish,H125

So you can tell that RED or RUDDY is not a pale color, but on the contrary, a deep and intense color. That’s why the bible makes the difference.

Let´s continue:

H126

אַדְמָה
'admâh
ad-maw'
Contracted for H127; earthy; Admah, a place near the Dead Sea: - Admah.

H127

אֲדָמָה
'ădâmâh
ad-aw-maw'
From H119; soil (from its general redness): - country, earth, ground, husband [-man] (-ry), land.

So everything related to the word Adam comes related to the same color.



It is important to remark that the word ‘clay’ or ‘dust’ used in the book of Genesis doesn’t refer to a color but to the shape of a substance, why I say this? because as I showed you before, the word earth (when speaking of soil), is something with the color of blood. But the word dust, is used when people grabs powder from the soil,  
H6083

עָפָר
‛âphâr
aw-fawr'
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud: - ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.

Gen_3:19  In the sweatH2188 of thy faceH639 shalt thou eatH398 bread,H3899 tillH5704 thou returnH7725 untoH413 the ground;H127 forH3588 out ofH4480 it wast thou taken:H3947 forH3588 dustH6083 thouH859 art, and untoH413 dustH6083 shalt thou return.H7725

So Adam was made out of RED EARTH
H127

אֲדָמָה
'ădâmâh
ad-aw-maw'
From H119; soil (from its general redness): - country, earth, ground, husband [-man] (-ry), land.

Let’s continue looking the rest of the words
the following are variation of the previous.

H128

אֲדָמָה
'ădâmâh
ad-aw-maw'
The same as H127; Adamah, a place in Palestine: - Adamah.


H129

אֲדָמִי
'ădâmı̂y
ad-aw-mee'
From H127; earthy; Adami, a place in Palestine: - Adami.


H130

אֱדֹמִי
'ĕdômı̂y
ed-o-mee'
Patronymic from H123; an Edomite, or descendant from (or inhabitant of) Edom: - Edomite. See H726.

H131

אֲדֻמִּים
'ădûmmı̂ym
ad-oom-meem'
Plural of H121; red spots; Adummim, a pass in Palestine: - Adummim.


Now again comes something conspicuous:

H132

אַדְמוֹנִי    אַדְמֹנִי
'admônı̂y    'admônı̂y
ad-mo-nee', ad-mo-nee'
From H119; reddish (of the hair or the complexion): - red, ruddy.

Keep in mind, that very dictionary says ir means reddish, and is comes from h119

Let see the usage of this word:

Gen_25:25  And the firstH7223 came outH3318 red,H132 all overH3605 like an hairyH8181 garment;H155 and they             calledH7121 his nameH8034 Esau.H6215

1Sa_16:12  And he sent,H7971 and broughtH935 him in. Now heH1931 was ruddy,H132 and withalH5973 of a   beautifulH3303 countenance,H5869 and goodlyH2896 to look to.H7210 And the LORDH3068 said,H559 Arise,H6965 anointH4886 him: forH3588 thisH2088 is he.H1931

1Sa_17:42  And when the PhilistineH6430 looked about,H5027 and sawH7200 (H853) David,H1732 he                             disdainedH959 him: forH3588 he wasH1961 but a youth,H5288 and ruddy,H132 and ofH5973 a fairH3303     countenance.H4758

do you remember how did look the horse that was called red?
how do you think did the hairy garment look like?
Let’s look this verse:
1Sa_17:42  And when the PhilistineH6430 looked about,H5027 and sawH7200 (H853) David,H1732 he disdainedH959 him: forH3588 he wasH1961 but a youth,H5288 and ruddy,H132 and ofH5973 a fairH3303 countenance.H4758
The previous verse, in the Spanish version from 1569, is used the word “ROJO” to describe David, which means “RED” in Spanish.
Just remember all the actual meaning of the word ADAM and read it again now:

1Sa_17:42  And when the PhilistineH6430 looked about,H5027 and sawH7200 (H853) David,H1732 he disdainedH959 him: forH3588 he wasH1961 but a youth,H5288 and ADAMY,H132 and ofH5973 a fairH3303
countenance.H4758

Remember the word ‘red’ means the color of blood:

H1818

דָּם
dâm
dawm
From H1826 (compare H119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood): - blood (-y, -guiltiness, [-thirsty]), + innocent.

Let’s see again how blood looks like:


You will realize many words are there. All related to the same meaning.
As I said, I won’t try to figure why Strong decided to make this division, but the result is clear, unless you make a further analysis, you won’t get the whole picture of what the word Adam means.





Now read this keeping that color in mind:
Lam_4:7  Her NazaritesH5139 were purerH2141 than snow,H4480 H7950 they were whiterH6705 than milk,H4480 H2461 they were more ADAM/REDH119 in bodyH6106 than rubies,H4480 H6443 their polishingH1508 was of sapphire:H5601

But what about rubies?
H6443  פָּנִי    פָּנִיןo   pânı̂yn    pânı̂y paw-neen', paw-nee'
From the same as H6434; probably a pearl (as round): - ruby.
Now let’s go to H6434
H6434 פֵּן pên pane From an unused root meaning to turn; an angle (of a street or wall): - corner.

Now you can see that word isn’t actually rubies, but see other verses were that word appears, and you will notice why that word was used:

Pro_8:11  ForH3588 wisdomH2451 is betterH2896 than rubies;H4480 H6443 and allH3605 the things that may be desiredH2656 are notH3808 to be comparedH7737 to it

Pro_20:15  There isH3426 gold,H2091 and a multitudeH7230 of rubies:H6443 but the lipsH8193 of knowledgeH1847 are a preciousH3366 jewel.H3627

Pro_31:10  WhoH4310 can findH4672 a virtuousH2428 woman?H802 for her priceH4377 is farH7350 above rubies.H4480 H6443

you cleary can figure that the word translated as rubies is something of high value. but there is no know what gem or what actually was. Maybe was a cornerstone?
But why then the word ruby was used?
You need to know that the word rubies is used on a previous translation, the Spanish version from 1569, which uses the same word, and was used as reference for King James translation. Seems the translator used that word because comparison of color. What is the color of a ruby has? the same as wine, but not so RED.
And if you have any doubt, you can see which gem is a sapphire, is a deep colored gem also.
H5601
סַפִּיר
sappı̂yr
sap-peer'
From H5608; a gem (perhaps as used for scratching other substances), probably the sapphire: - sapphire.

Now let’s look the next verse:
Lam 4:8 Their visageH8389 is blackerH2821 than a coal;H4480 H7815 they are notH3808 knownH5234 in the streets:H2351 their skinH5785 cleavethH6821 toH5921 their bones;H6106 it is withered,H3001 it is becomeH1961 like a stick.H6086



H2821 חָשַׁךְ  châshak ;khaw-shak'
A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively to darken: - be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.

H7815  שְׁחוֹר  shechôr, shekh-ore'
From H7835; dinginess, that is, perhaps soot: - coal.

Lets look what 7835 says:

H7835
שָׁחַר
shâchar
shaw-khar'
A primitive root (rather identical with H7836 through the idea of the duskiness of early dawn); to be dim or dark (in color): - be black.

Let’s review it:

Lam_4:7  Her NazaritesH5139 were purerH2141 than snow,H4480 H7950 they were whiterH6705 than milk,H4480 H2461 they were more ADAM/REDH119 in bodyH6106 than rubies,H4480 H6443 their polishingH1508 was of sapphire:H5601
Lam 4:8  Their visageH8389 is DARKERH2821 than BLACK;H4480 H7815 they are notH3808 knownH5234 in the streets:H2351 their skinH5785 cleavethH6821 toH5921 their bones;H6106 it is withered,H3001 it is becomeH1961 like a stick.H6086

Now you understand the comparison. ADAM is RED, BLACK is DARK.
Bible is telling you that today what you are calling BLACK was called RED.
Why this was not known or promoted in any church is a matter for a debate. but this are the facts.
The strong dictionary had the meaning of the word Adam not clear, and distributed on several entries.
The translators of the bible knew about what color they were talking about.
The meaning of the word ruddy is distorted to make people think about it a something different than what it is.
You can figure why, but in case you know Spanish, the Spanish word ‘rubio’ also suffered the same distortion,
you can notice how similar this words are: ruby, ruddy, rubio, because ´rubio´ means In Spanish the color of a ruby, but now, it means yellow for most of people. But there is no way to get this wrong when you compare the word for Blood and Adam.
Because the same dictionary entry says this:

H119
אָדַם
'âdam
aw-dam'
To show blood (in the face), that is, flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed, made) red (ruddy).

This means, with the color of blood in the face, someone who is the color of blood.
the same color of earth.

H127
אֲדָמָה
'ădâmâh
ad-aw-maw'
From H119; soil (from its general redness): - country, earth, ground, husband [-man] (-ry), land.

Now let’s see the word white
Son 5:10  My belovedH1730 is whiteH6703 and ruddy,H122 the chiefestH1713 among ten thousand.H4480 H7233
Son 5:11  His headH7218 is as the mostH3800 fine gold,H6337 his locksH6977 are bushy,H8534 and blackH7838 as a   raven.H6158


What is the word white in the previous verse?
H6703
צַח
tsach
tsakh
From H6705; dazzling, that is, sunny, bright, (figuratively) evident: - clear, dry, plainly, white.


let’s read the next verse:
Son 5:11  His headH7218 is as the mostH3800 fine gold,H6337 his locksH6977 are bushy,H8534 and blackH7838 as a raven.H6158

Of course is talking about how it brightness.
Let’s read now keeping in mind the meaning of the words:

Son 5:10  My belovedH1730 is  TSACHH6703 and ADAM,H122 the chiefestH1713 among ten thousand.H4480 H7233
Son 5:11  His headH7218 is as the mostH3800 fine gold,H6337 his locksH6977 are bushy,H8534 and blackH7838 as a       raven.H6158

Many people thinks red means something different than what it means, I won’t review the reasons why I consider this happens now, I will simple show you how this is so.

the word “red” had its meaning changed over the hundreds of years after both English King James 1611 bible, and Spanish 1569 Casiodoro Reina bible was released. Now majority of people reads the word ‘ruddy’ and things it is something absolutely opposite to what it actually is. If you still doubt about it, think about all the old names of things called ‘red’, starting with red wine.
Song of Solomon 1:5 is actually referring to the Queen of Sheba, but Song of Solomon 5:10-11 clearly describes Solomon as a black person.